Secure Shell (SSH) is a cryptographic network protocol for operating network services securely over an unsecured network. This allows you to connect securely to other services or machines.
In this post I am going to explain how to configure your linux machine to github using SSH.
First we will create a SSH key that will allow you to connect to github.
ssh-keygen -t rsa -b 4096 -C "firstname.lastname@example.org"
Then I suggest you save the SSH key with some usefull name like
Finally add a passphrase. This will ensure that your SSH credentials are safe even if someone access your computer.
If you are using Windows you don't need to do that step.
The SSH key you just created has a passphrase and you probably don't want to write it every time you open a new terminal.
You can use keychain to remember the passphrase.
sudo apt install keychain
First of all some people use ssh-agent to add the SSH keys but you need to start one every time you open a new terminal and they don't die. So after some time you will end with a lot of ssh-agents running. If you did that you can step them with:
keychain --stop all
You can check that only one ssh-agent is running with
ps -ef | grep ssh-agent
To set up keychain edit the
~/.bashrc file so that keychain is started everytime you open a terminal.
# Add this line at the end eval `keychain --agents ssh --eval github_ssh`
github_sshis the name of the SSH key to import you could add more separating them by spaces
This guide focus on github but you can do the same following similar steps for other git services like bitbucket.
SSH and GPG keyssection.
add new SSH keys.
aws_ec2, paste the SSH key and save it.
The first thing you should do is to restart the terminal so that changes can be applied.
Run the following command:
ssh -T email@example.com
The first time it will say that the authenticity of github.com can't be established. Enter yes to add it to the list of known hosts so that you won't get asked each time.
You should see a message saying
Hi XXXX! You've successfully authenticated
Since you are using SSH the clone command will change a little bit. Instead of using:
git clone https://github.com/username/repo_name.git
You should use:
git clone firstname.lastname@example.org:username/repo_name.git
After doing all that you can use git without needing to worry about passwords or passphrases anymore.